Solar helps provide power for both residential and commercial use, and in both, PV panels are mounted on the roof to capture as much sunlight as possible and create more energy.
Basic Understanding of Solar System
Before we install solar, it is necessary to understand what we need to install. Here are the details mentioned below:
1. Analyze the Electricity Bill:
We see the electricity bill and analyze and understand how much consumption has been made every month in kwh to give you an idea of monthly consumption. Based on that, you will be able to calculate the size of the solar system, and for that, you are required to have a panel layout according to demand and electricity consumption. And for a more accurate value, you can compare 12 months of electricity consumption.
2. Choosing the right brand and solar company:
For the final result, one must have the proper knowledge of choosing solar companies and brands. According to the consumer’s objective, one needs to select the right option for models and values of solar panels. Choose the existing best brand of solar panels for the project.
3. Technical and feasibility test:
One should know the structure of the building, study and assess it and get to know the right ideal type of equipment according to the consumer’s profile. From all over the study and assessment, experts can define the equipment of owners’ objective and budget for the same.
Once you calculate and study the energy consumption from your electricity bill, it will get easier to calculate the solar installation cost at the property, and you will get an approximate or rough idea of the budget. You also need to calculate the maintenance cost, warranty paper, installation process and number of panels.
5. Access to electricity grid:
Once everything is final with the necessary quantity and weight of the panels and the installation area is finalized, it is essential to evaluate the condition of the PV solar system with the available electrical network in the property. For energy, you capture sunlight to generate electricity using solar panels; you need to convert the generated electrical current to a form that your appliances and equipment can use. This conversion is done using a device called a photovoltaic inverter.
6. Approval, Design Panel Layout and Permissions:
Once all the previous steps are done, one must look into an installer for the installation process with all the details of the solar system, objective and panel layout either done by the solar company or yourself. Getting approval may take some time.
7. Authorization of energy retailer:
To implement solar on the roof, we need to get the permission/authority of the energy retailer for installation at the owner’s property and the approval of meter upgrade connection to the electricity grid, which is done by the end of the installation process. An expert team of engineers and technicians do it Site Inspection: The final installer will inspect the property correctly, and in case something unusual they will update the same to the customer so that there are no problems that have to be faced in the future. The roof should be in proper alignment with the sunlight and should have a good top with an appropriate space for the solar panels and a good height.
8. Installation Process:
We are done with approval and site inspection, and then we are good to go for installation, which is all carried out by the solar company. The brackets for fixing the panels are attached to the location that has been chosen, cables connected to the inverter, and then the distribution board is being connected. It is essential to check the quality with a proper certificate and approval of the solar panels and the inverter.
9. Interaction with dealers:
After we are done with everything, we need an inspection of the retailer for meter up gradation. Expert technicians from certified electric companies are called for review, and they will ensure that everything was carried out correctly and adequately and authorized to start the system.
Instruction for installing solar panels:
Steps/instructions are mentioned below:
1. Installing mount:
The solar panel mounting kit should first be established. Either roof/ground mount or flush mount, which can be used based on the application. This foundation gives stability and support to mounted PV panels and should be considered carefully. The optimum direction to face is north for the proper amount of sunlight. East and West are also acceptable, but the South is the least because they don’t receive much sunlight.
2. Installing panels in the proper place:
The panels should be secured to the mounting kit properly and well-secured using nut bolts. It should last longing, and durability should be good.
3. Installing electrical wire:
During cabling, MC4, one of the universal connectors, is used for cabling since they are often used with solar panels.
4. Connecting solar inverter to system/solar battery:
The design should be well connected to the inverter or solar storm.
- The +ve wire from solar panel is linked to inverter +ve terminal and –ve battery with –ve terminal.
- The +ve battery from solar panel is linked to inverter +ve terminal and –ve battery with –ve terminal.
5. Connect the solar inverter to the power grid:
The inverter is then connected to the grid. A standard plug can be used to connect to the main power switchboard. The electric board that delivers electricity is linked to an output wire.
6. Turn on the solar inverter:
When all of the electrical cabling and connections are complete, turn on the inverter switch on the home’s main switch. Most solar inverters will include a digital display that will show you statistics about your solar unit’s generation and use.